What is Sobril?
Sobril is a short-to-intermediate-acting benzodiazepine. Use Sobril Oxazepam for the treatment of anxiety and insomnia and in the control of symptoms of alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
It is a metabolite of diazepam, prazepam, and temazepam, and has moderate amnesic, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative, and skeletal muscle relaxant properties compared to other benzodiazepines. Sobril was initially manufactured and marketed in 1965 under the brand name Serax.
Sobril, along with diazepam, nitrazepam, and temazepam, were the four benzodiazepines listed on the pharmaceutical benefits scheme and represented 82% of the benzodiazepine prescriptions in Australia in 1990-1991.
The side effects of oxazepam are similar to those of other benzodiazepines, and may include dizziness, drowsiness, headache, memory impairment, paradoxical excitement, and anterograde amnesia, but does not affect transient global amnesia. Side effects due to rapid decrease in dose or abrupt withdrawal from oxazepam may include abdominal and muscle cramps, convulsions, depression, inability to fall asleep or stay asleep, sweating, tremors, or vomiting.
Sobril Contradicts myasthenia gravis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and limits pulmonary reserve, as well as severe hepatic disease.
Main article: Benzodiazepine overdose
Oxazepam is generally less toxic in overdose than other benzodiazepines. Important factors which affect the severity of a benzodiazepine overdose include the dose ingested, the age of the patient, and health status prior to overdose. Benzodiazepine overdoses can be much more dangerous if a coingestion of other CNS depressants such as opiates or alcohol has occurred. Symptoms of an oxazepam overdose include:
Central nervous system depression
Occasionally cardiovascular and pulmonary toxicity
Rarely, deep coma.